Inclusion of Domain Knowledge into Machine Learning Approaches to Biomedical Question Answering
Dina Demner-Fushman
April 20, 2022, Wednesday, 3:00 PM - 4:00 PM EDT
This talk will provide an overview of textual and multimodal biomedical question answering, primarily focusing on clinical and consumer health question answering. The talk will discuss the role of domain knowledge, and the shift in the balance and approaches to including domain knowledge in machine learning. Shared Tasks and publicly available resources for biomedical question answering will be introduced.
Dina Demner-Fushman, MD, PhD leads research in information retrieval and natural language processing; providing clinical decision support through linking evidence (text and images) to patients' data; answering clinical and consumer health questions; and extracting information from clinical text. Dr. Demner-Fushman earned her doctor of medicine degree from Kazan State Medical Institute in 1980, and clinical research Doctorate (PhD) in Medical Science degree from Moscow Medical and Stomatological Institute in 1989. She earned her MS and PhD in Computer Science from the University of Maryland, College Park in 2003 and 2006, respectively. She earned her BA degree in Computer Science from Hunter College, CUNY in 2000. Dr. Demner-Fushman is a lead investigator in several NLM projects in the areas of Information Extraction for Clinical Decision Support, EMR Database Research and Development, and Image and Text Indexing for Clinical Decision Support and Education. The outgrowths of these projects are the evidence-based decision support system in use at the NIH Clinical Center since 2009 and an image retrieval engine, OpenI, launched in 2012. She is the author of more than 100 articles and book chapters in the fields of information retrieval, natural language processing, and biomedical and clinical informatics. Dr. Demner-Fushman is a Fellow of the American College of Medical Informatics (ACMI), an editorial board member of the Journal of the American Medical Informatics Association, and a founding member of the Association for Computational Linguistics Special Interest Group on biomedical natural language processing (SIGBioMed). As the secretary of this group, she contributed to organization of the yearly ACL BioNLP Workshop since 2007. Dr. Demner-Fushman has received nine staff recognition and special act NLM awards since 2002. In 2012, she received an NIH Award of Merit. In 2013, she received an NLM Regents Award for Scholarship or Technical Achievement.